Symbolic danger (Stephan & Stephan, 2000) defines exactly just exactly how perceptions of a out-group’s various opinions, attitudes, morals, criteria, and values can result in undesirable alterations in the system that is in-group’s of and tradition. Through this framework, recognized variations in the worldviagew that is out-group’se.g., values, traditions, or traditions) represent symbolic threats towards the in-group’s worldview (Stephan, Diaz-Loving, & Duran, 2000; Stephan & Stephan, 2000). A recognized hazard sets the phase for antipathy toward the out-group (Esses, Haddock, & Zanna, 1993; Stephan & Stephan, 2000).
Such perceptions are specially most most likely among African US heterosexual ladies who, general to White females, may see both lesbians and homosexual males as a far more significant threat that is symbolic their tradition.
For instance, some African Americans may worry that homosexuality inside their community represents a hazard to old-fashioned values ( e.g., notions of family, manhood, ethical sex) as embodied by African American spiritual organizations, for instance the African American church in addition to country of Islam (Rhue & Rhue, 1997). While Whites could also see homosexuality as a threat that is symbolic their social and spiritual values, African Us citizens could be more socially conservative than whites despite their greater governmental liberalism than whites. Continue reading